CP38 - Interprofessional Student Teams Add Value to Patient Care While Learning Team Skills
Poster Type: Research
Track/Topic: Quality of Care and Quality Improvement; Workforce
Research Objectives: We tested the feasibility and impact of implementing the innovative Interprofessional Learning, Experience and Practice (ILEAP) model of student teams in a Federally Qualified Health Center (FQHC) to promote the uptake of preventive services by adult patients, while students applied and strengthened team-based collaborative skills in an authentic clinical setting.
Research Study Design/Methods: The ILEAP project partnered with the FQHC to place teams of 3-5 first-year students from multiple healthcare programs to provide screening, education, and care coordination one session weekly for 5-8 weeks. Student pairs interacted with patients before or after the primary care provider (PCP) visit. Students receive training in team skills and patient communication (motivational interviewing) and complete an online curriculum while onsite. Eligible patients were identified by student chart review and the clinical champion. Champions met with student teams twice per session. Aggregate counts of patient services were recorded; continuous assessment of student team skills performance was conducted.
Research Principal Findings and Quantitative/Qualitative Results:
Over four years, ILEAP placed 34 teams totaling 144 students across multiple sites; 8 teams totaling 37 students were placed in one FQHC and provided patient services including screening and education for up-to-date preventive services and recommended referrals for other care. Teams impacted the acceptance of immunizations (pre-COVID) and use of the Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) for colon cancer screening. Education and referrals for dental care, breast and cervical cancer screening, diabetes-related eye exams, and other immunizations were the most common topics. Teams demonstrated significantly enhanced attitudes and team skills performance after clinic site experience compared to before.
Research Conclusions on Impact on Health Centers: Interprofessional student teams were incorporated into clinic flow and added value to patient care without excessive burden on site clinical personnel or resources. Initially, the FQHC was financially supported for its participation, but continued to participate and host student teams without remuneration. The impact on the site, in addition to the number of services provided by student teams, was the paradigm shift in the site’s vision of how a student team could contribute to patient care and how the site could contribute to student learning of collaborative care skills.
Catherine Demko, PhD, Associate Professor, Case Western Reserve University
Ellen Luebbers, MD, Assistant Professor, Case Western Reserve University
Cheryl Sarakauskas, RN, RDN, CDE, Wellness Coordinator, Neighborhood Family Practice